Human papillomavirus, or HPV, is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases. In fact, 80% of the population will be infected by the age of 50.
According to Dr. Susan Lipinski of Covenant Medical Center, there are more than 100 types of HPV. But the ones that are known to cause cancer are Types 16 and 18. The HPV vaccines on the market are designed to target those strains.
HPV can lead to cancers of the cervix, vulva, vagina, penis, anus, head and neck.
Officials with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention say people with HPV never develop symptoms or health problems. They also say most HPV infections go away by themselves within two years.
But some don't. When it comes to cervical cancer, 70% of all cases are caused by HPV. The CDC recommends all 11 and 12-year-olds be vaccinated against HPV.
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