CROP REPORT: Farmers hope for a dry week of harvesting - KWWL - Eastern Iowa Breaking News, Weather, Closings

CROP REPORT: Farmers hope for a dry week of harvesting

DES MOINES (KWWL) -- The USDA National Agricultural Statistical Service releases a weekly Iowa crop report from April through October. The full report follows.

Agricultural Summary: After several weeks of moderate weather, strong storms brought high winds, heavy rains, and hail to Iowa. Parts of Northwest Iowa reported isolated instances of hail causing some crop damage. While the hail was not wide spread, most of the state received between one and two inches of rainfall during the week, with several locations experiencing five inches or more. The rain once again created flash flooding concerns and caused road damage. Along with large rainfall totals, Iowa witnessed a wide range of temperatures. Much of the state recorded thermometer readings in the high-eighties early in the week before experiencing daytime highs in the fifties and sixties late in the week. Overnight averages dropped into the high forties and low fifties.

The weather conditions made it difficult for producers to continue their 2010 crop harvest. A few producers made limited harvest progress while most growers were kept out of fields due to the rain. Overall, the wet weather hindered crop progress, as fields and crops were not given a window of opportunity to dry after rains began early in the week and continued through the weekend. Livestock conditions remain favorable with the cooler weather. However, feedlots have been affected by the large amounts of rain with several reports indicating muddy conditions.

There were 2.2 days suitable for fieldwork last week compared to 4.8 days the previous week. All but Northeast Iowa, at 3.3 days suitable, reported 3.0 days or less with West Central Iowa reporting the lowest number of days, at 1.4 days suitable. Topsoil moisture rated 0 percent very short, 1 percent short, 58 percent adequate, and 41 percent surplus across the state. Subsoil moisture rated 0 percent very short, 2 percent short, 64 percent adequate, and 34 percent surplus.

Field Crops Report: Ninety-one percent of the corn acres are at or beyond maturity and 8 percent has been harvested, both at least 5 days ahead of last year and the five-year average. Moisture content of all corn in the field is estimated at 23 percent, while the moisture content of corn being harvested is estimated at 20 percent. Corn lodging is rated 74 percent none, 20 percent light, 5 percent moderate, and 1 percent heavy. Ear droppage is rated 80 percent none, 15 percent light, 5 percent moderate, and 0 percent heavy. Corn condition rated 4 percent very poor, 9 percent poor, 20 percent fair, 45 percent good, and 22 percent excellent.

Ninety-five percent of the soybean acres have turned color, ahead of last year's 94 percent but equal to the five-year average. Leaves have begun to drop on 75 percent of the soybean acres, 3 percentage points ahead of last year, but 4 points behind the five-year average. Soybean acres harvested increased to 7 percent complete, ahead of the 5 percent complete last year but behind the five-year average of 15 percent. Soybean lodging is rated at 77 percent none, 18 percent light, 4 percent moderate, and 1 percent heavy. Soybean shattering is rated 86 percent none, 12 percent light, 2 percent moderate, and 0 percent heavy. Soybean condition rated 3 percent very poor, 7 percent poor, 19 percent fair, 47 percent good, and 24 percent excellent. Harvest of third cutting alfalfa hay increased a percentage point to 96 percent complete, ahead of the 93 percent completed last year and the five-year average of 95 percent. All hay condition rated 4 percent very poor, 9 percent poor, 27 percent fair, 48 percent good, and 12 percent excellent.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range condition rated 1 percent very poor, 6 percent poor, 26 percent fair, 52 percent good, and 15 percent excellent.

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