Cool, damp weather slowing field work - KWWL - Eastern Iowa Breaking News, Weather, Closings

Cool, damp weather slowing field work

Posted:

DES MOINES (KWWL) -- Iowa Secretary of Agriculture Bill Northey Monday commented on the Iowa Crops and Weather report released by the USDA National Agricultural Statistical Service.

"The cool and damp weather last week slowed field work in much of the state," Northey said in a written statement. "The crop continues to move towards maturity and harvest is expected to pick-up quickly if it stops raining and fields are able to dry out."

Below is the report from the USDA.

Agricultural Summary: Iowa experienced another week of cool weather last week, as average high temperatures for much of the state were in the mid-seventies. Along with average lows dipping into the mid-fifties, Iowa witnessed several rain showers throughout the week. South Central Iowa received the largest amounts, as thunderstorms over the weekend brought heavy rains totaling over 6 inches in some locations. While heavy rains fell in the south, most of Iowa received around an inch or less. Rainfall amounts were enough to create muddy field conditions and limit farmers' activity. However, producers were able to harvest some corn and soybean acres early in the week.

The wet, cool weather slowed crop development after several weeks of rapidly maturing and drying. Concerns of crops maturing too quickly and affecting final grain weight are being reported. Crop progress continues to be ahead of normal, as conditions remain mostly good. Early planted corn harvest continued with reports of better production coming from sloped fields. The same can be said for soybeans, with low-lying areas of fields causing yields to be cut because of drown out. Aside from corn and soybean harvest, operators are making one final cutting of alfalfa, but are having difficulty harvesting due to recent weather conditions.

There were 4.8 days suitable for fieldwork last week compared to 5.4 days the previous week. All but Northwest Iowa, at 3.8 days suitable, reported 4.5 days or more with East Central Iowa reporting the highest number of days, at 5.5 days suitable. Topsoil moisture rated 0 percent very short, 4 percent short, 78 percent adequate, and 18 percent surplus across the state. Subsoil moisture rated 0 percent very short, 4 percent short, 78 percent adequate, and 18 percent surplus.

Field Crops Report: Nearly all corn acres have dented, 79 percent has reached maturity, and 6 percent has been harvested; all three are at least 8 days ahead of last year and the five-year average. Moisture content of all corn in the field is estimated at 25 percent, while moisture content of corn being harvested is estimated at 21 percent. Corn lodging is rated 78 percent none, 19 percent light, 3 percent moderate, and 0 percent heavy. Ear droppage is rated 84 percent none, 14 percent light, 2 percent moderate, and 0 percent heavy. Corn condition rated 4 percent very poor, 8 percent poor, 20 percent fair, 47 percent good, and 21 percent excellent. Eighty-nine percent of the soybean acres have turned color, ahead of last year's 84 percent and the five-year average of 87 percent. Leaves have begun to drop in 57 percent of the soybean acres, 3 days ahead of last year and equal to the five-year average. Soybean condition rated 3 percent very poor, 7 percent poor, 20 percent fair, 49 percent good, and 21 percent excellent. Alfalfa third cutting increased 3 percentage points to 95 percent complete, ahead of the 89 percent completed last year and the five-year average of 92 percent. All hay condition rated 4 percent very poor, 8 percent poor, 25 percent fair, 48 percent good, and 15 percent excellent.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range condition rated 2 percent very poor, 5 percent poor, 28 percent fair, 48 percent good, and 17 percent excellent. Recent weather conditions have been beneficial for livestock after a summer of high heat and humidity.

 

Powered by Frankly