Iowa crops ahead of schedule - KWWL - Eastern Iowa Breaking News, Weather, Closings

Iowa crops ahead of schedule

DES MOINES (KWWL) -- Iowa Secretary of Agriculture Bill Northey commented Monday on the Iowa Crops and Weather report released by the USDA National Agricultural Statistical Service. The report is released weekly from April through October.

"Even though some areas of the State have continued to receive crop damage, the overall crop conditions remain in pretty good shape," Northey said.

The full report follows here:

Agricultural Summary: Overall, conditions were beneficial as they promoted crop development. Producers are hopeful for an early harvest with development being reported ahead of normal. Iowa's week started with scattered rain showers throughout most of the state and mild temperatures. By week's end, the break from high temperatures was over and temperatures once again rose into the nineties. Heavier rainfall also moved across Iowa later in the week with much of the southern two-thirds of Iowa receiving thunderstorms on Friday.

As crops approach maturity, they remain in mostly good condition. However, cases of sudden death syndrome are being reported in soybeans and the amount of acreage affected is becoming a concern. Reports indicate corn is beginning to be harvested for silage and could be harvested for grain in early September. As the final oat acres are harvested, operators continue to cut hay and could harvest four cuttings of alfalfa. Pastures were given a chance to dry and still are providing adequate grazing.

There were 5.1 days suitable for fieldwork last week, highest reported since week ending May 30th. North Central Iowa, at 6.2 days suitable, reported the highest number of days suitable in the state. Northwest Iowa reported the next highest number of days, at 5.9 days suitable, while South Central Iowa reported the lowest with 3.3 days suitable. Topsoil moisture rated 0 percent very short, 4 percent short, 67 percent adequate, and 29 percent surplus across the state. Subsoil moisture rated 0 percent very short, 3 percent short, 61 percent adequate, and 36 percent surplus.

Field Crops Report: Nearly all corn acres have reached milk stage, 87 percent have entered dough stage, and 54 percent of the crop have started to dent; still ahead of last year and the five-year average. As the first acres reach maturity, corn condition rated 4 percent very poor, 8 percent poor, 21 percent fair, 43 percent good, and 24 percent excellent. Pods have set on 95 percent of the soybean acres, 3 days ahead of last year and 1 day ahead of the five-year average. Soybean condition rated 4 percent very poor, 7 percent poor, 21 percent fair, 46 percent good, and 22 percent excellent. Ninety-four percent of the second cutting of alfalfa has been completed, behind the 97 percent completed last year and the five-year average of 98 percent. Alfalfa third cutting progressed to 58 percent complete, ahead of last year and the five-year average. All hay condition rated 4 percent very poor, 11 percent poor, 29 percent fair, 43 percent good, and 13 percent excellent.

Livestock, Pasture and Range Report: Pasture and range condition rated 2 percent very poor, 6 percent poor, 24 percent fair, 50 percent good, and 18 percent excellent. The forecast for lower temperatures in the upcoming week will be helpful for livestock, as many instances of heat stress have been reported. Muddy feedlots and high insect populations are also contributing to livestock stress.

Online Producer: Jason Mortvedt



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